A Political and Economic Dictionary of the Middle East by David Seddon

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By David Seddon

This reference quantity is the definitive advisor to the economics and politics of the center East. It offers transparent definitions detailing phrases, options, names and companies utilized in relation to present fiscal or political opinions within the center East. Entries outline, clarify and provides additional correct info on nations, areas, ethnic teams, political events, firms, guidelines and disputes.

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Aflaq (Aflak), Michel (1910–89) Syrian intellectual and political organizer, founder of the Syrian and Iraqi Ba’ath parties. Born in Damascas, a Greek Orthodox Christian. Studied philosophy at the Sorbonne, and became active in Arab student politics. In 1940 Aflaq established a study circle in Damascus called the Movement of Arab Renaissance, which in 1947 became the Ba’ath Party, Ba’ath meaning ‘resurrection’ or ‘renaissance’. The Party’s ideology was based on Unity (Arab unity), Freedom (freedom from imperialist oppression) and Socialism (referring less to economics than to a way of life, and a commitment to revolution).

Algerian League for the Defence of Human Rights A legally recognized Algerian NGO, headed by Ali Yahia Abdennour. Algerian National Congress —see Congrès national algérien A-Z 31 Algerian National Front Front national algérien Algerian political grouping, founded in 1999. Led by Moussa Touati, it advocates the eradication of poverty and supports the government’s domestic peace initiatives. 5m. Port and major industrial and commercial centre. Algiers Accord Treaty between Iran and Iraq, signed in June 1975, concerning their dispute over borders, water, and navigation rights.

In 1959 it joined Poale Agudat Israel to form the Torah Religious Front. It has a Council of Torah Sages to guide its religious-political strategy. Originally, anti-Zionist and messianic, in the 1980s it still favoured a theocracy and increased state financial support for its religious institutions. In 1988 it increased the number of seats it held in the Knesset from five to eight. Its leaders are Avraham Shapiro and Menachem Porush. The Agudat Israel World Organization now has more than 500,000 members in 25 countries across the world.

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