Advanced Engineering Environments: Achieving the Vision, by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and

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By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, Committee on Advanced Engineering Environments

Advances within the services of applied sciences acceptable to disbursed networking, telecommunications, multi-user machine functions, and interactive digital fact are growing possibilities for clients within the similar or separate destinations to have interaction in interdependent, cooperative actions utilizing a typical computer-based atmosphere. those functions have given upward thrust to quite new interdisciplinary efforts to unite the pursuits of mission-oriented groups with these of the pc and social technology groups to create built-in, tool-oriented computation and verbal exchange platforms. those platforms can permit groups in frequent destinations to collaborate utilizing the latest tools and computing assets. the advantages are many. for instance, a brand new paradigm for intimate collaboration among scientists and engineers is rising. This collaboration has the aptitude to speed up the improvement and dissemination of data and optimize using tools and amenities, whereas minimizing the time among the invention and alertness of recent technologies.

Advanced Engineering Environments: attaining the imaginative and prescient, part I describes the advantages and feasibility of ongoing efforts to strengthen and follow complex engineering environments (AEEs), that are outlined as specific implementations of computational and communications platforms that create built-in digital and/or allotted environments linking researchers, technologists, designers, brands, providers, and customers.

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The design process, simulations, and change-control system must be able to accommodate these differences. Given projected rates of software obsolescence, the life spans of many products will vastly exceed the life span of the software used to develop them. For some products, design, analysis, and decision processes used today will have to be accessible in 20 or 30 years to facilitate reviews, redesigns, and upgrades that may occur late in the product life cycle. This will require long-term compatibility of current systems with future systems.

Copyright © 2003 National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. edu) for research purposes are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Distribution, posting, or copying is strictly prohibited without written permission of the NAP. html 28 ADVANCED ENGINEERING ENVIRONMENTS TABLE 3-4 Estimated Effectiveness of Alternative Approaches Alternative 1 Aggressive Implementation of AEE Systems Alternative 2 Staged Implementation of AEE Technologies Alternative 3 Evolution of Conventional Technologies Risks Technology insertion Information complexity Cultural impacts Total cost of implementation Time required for implementation high high high high 3–5 years medium medium medium medium 1–3 years low medium low medium < 1 year Costs Software tool interoperability Legacy systems migration Commonality/standardization requirements Training Information infrastructure requirements Supplier interfaces requirements Maintaining systems effectiveness high high high high high high high medium medium high medium medium medium high low low low low medium low medium Potential Benefits Seamless interfaces Standardization Tools/information management Collaboration capabilities Real-time assessment Life-cycle management Compatibility of product targets high high high high high high high medium medium medium medium medium/high medium medium low low low low low medium low would rely on evolutionary improvements in conventional technology.

Increasingly, manufacturers are focusing their expertise on the assembly of products using systems, subsystems, and components provided by others. Currently, one-half to threequarters of product costs may be associated with suppliers and subcontractors, and manufacturers’ labor costs are reduced if suppliers provide subassemblies that are easily assembled. This requires closely involving first-tier suppliers in the design and manufacturing development process. Thus, external interfaces are becoming just as critical as internal interfaces, and engineering and design systems must be integrated across organizational boundaries.

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