By Ruike Xu
This booklet seeks to demystify the endurance of the Anglo-American specified courting (AASR) within the post-Cold warfare period by means of developing a brand new conception of alliance persistence. This concept of alliance patience not just has more suitable explanatory strength than the major version of pursuits and sentiments, but additionally opens a brand new method for figuring out what elements have avoided the AASR from collapsing. This leading edge new quantity fills the space in AASR literature via targeting the real position of institutionalization in maintaining the AASR, an element that has been considerably ignored in current educational research.
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Extra info for Alliance Persistence within the Anglo-American Special Relationship: The Post-Cold War Era
In other words, both of these theories assume that states are inclined to act to preserve what they already have. Schweller rightly points out that some states are revisionists and their alliance with other states is motivated EXPLAINING THE PERSISTENCE OF THE AASR... 33 by what they covet rather than what they already have. 79) puts it, “Alliance choices, however, are often motivated by opportunities for gain as well as danger, by appetite as well as fear”. Scholars, especially scholars adhering to realism, have paid substantial attention to the construction of sophisticated propositions concerning alliance formation, but have paid minimal attention to alliance persistence (McCalla 1996).
In a nutshell, scholars who attach more weight to common sentiments tend to be more optimistic about the persistence of the AASR (see Fig. 1). 24 R. XU hasty pessimists pragmatic pessimists cautious optimists sentimental optimists hasty pessimists pragmatic pessimists cautious optimists sentimental optimists Fig. 1 Four schools in Anglo-American relations The difference between sentimental optimists and cautious optimists is that the former believe in a promising future of the AASR because of the common kinships, mutual affection and shared culture between the UK and the US whilst the latter are confident about the persistence of the AASR due to a confluence of common interests and common sentiments, but are cautious that serious efforts still need to be invested by both the sides so as to keep the vitality of the AASR.
Html 18 R. XU 2. Between 1789 and 2015, American presidents mentioned 29 special relationships between the US and other states. The states involved and the dates when they were publicly confirmed by an American president for the first time to have a special relationship with the US are as follows: Haiti (5 June 1934), Panama (11 August 1939), Philippines (5 May 1945), Puerto Rico (3 August 1959), France (22 April 1960), Britain (24 February 1969), Mexico (8 September 1969), Pre-revolution Iran (23 October 1969), Japan (10 September 1971), India (4 November 1971), Liberia (5 June 1973), Israel (13 May 1976), West Germany (13 July 1977), Thailand (6 February 1979), Yugoslavia (24 June 1980), Canada (10 March 1981), Federal States of Micronesia (23 February 1984), The Republics of Palau (23 February 1984), The Republic of Marshall Islands (23 February 1984), Italy (4 October 1985), Australia (17 April 1986), Egypt (12 May 1987), Jordan (19 April 1989), Portugal (11 January 1990), Greece (18 July 1991), Poland (15 October 1992), Estonia (16 January 1998), Pakistan (24 June 2003) and Romania (9 March 2005).