Applied Transport Economics: Policy, Management & Decision by Stuart Cole

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By Stuart Cole

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In the case of holiday traffic, the peak demand for aircraft and terminal space for travellers to, for example, Greece and the peak demand for coach seats, additional trains and road space to southern France or Cornwall from major urban centres lasts from June to September with an excessive peak on August weekends. Freight transport operators face a peak demand for beer deliveries (summer and Christmas) and ice cream (summer) which results in fleets with reduced utilisation rates in the off peak.

This form of price discrimination is dealt with in more detail in Chapter 4. Load factor variations are important in determining the profitability of airline operations. There are variations in mainline scheduled RPK’s (see Chapter 7 for definitions) and in the passenger load factor – BA (1998) varied from over 80 per cent in June to 65 per cent in January. 10 Passenger load factor – mainline scheduled services: British Airways Source: British Airways, 1998 nearly two thirds of total costs are still incurred (see Chapter 7).

TB (2003) Tour company brochures – Comitours (Italy); Orbis, Travel Time (Poland); Etapes nouvelles, Objectif découvertes (France). Tousco (2003) brochure. TPG (2003) Annual Report 2002, TPG/TNT, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. VSOE (2003) Venice Simplon Orient Express, Journeys of Distinction 2003, London. Webster, FV and Bly, PH (1980) The Demand for Public Transport: Study of the factors affecting public transport, TRRL, Crowthorne. YB (1984) Bournemouth Yellow Buses campaign ‘Get around on the Yellows’.

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