Bioarchaeology and Climate Change: A View from South Asian by Gwen Robbins Schug

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By Gwen Robbins Schug

"Using subadult skeletons from the Deccan Chalcolithic interval of Indian prehistory, in addition to archaeological and paleoclimate information, this quantity makes an immense contribution to figuring out the consequences of ecological switch on demography and youth development through the moment millennium B.C. in peninsular India."--Michael Pietrusewsky, collage of Hawai‘i at Manoa

In the context of present debates approximately international warming, archaeology contributes vital insights for figuring out environmental alterations in prehistory, and the results and responses of previous populations to them.

In Indian archaeology, weather swap and monsoon variability are frequently invoked to give an explanation for significant demographic transitions, cultural alterations, and migrations of prehistoric populations. through the past due Holocene (1400-700 B.C.), agricultural groups flourished in a semiarid zone of the Indian subcontinent, until eventually they precipitously collapsed. Gwen Robbins Schug integrates the latest paleoclimate reconstructions with an cutting edge research of skeletal continues to be from one of many final deserted villages to supply a brand new interpretation of the archaeological list of this period.

Robbins Schug’s biocultural synthesis presents us with a brand new approach of taking a look at the adaptive, social, and cultural differences that happened during this area through the first and moment millennia B.C. Her paintings truly and compellingly usurps the weather switch paradigm, demonstrating the complexity of human-environmental variations. This unique and demanding contribution to bioarchaeological study and method enriches our figuring out of either international weather swap and South Asian prehistory.

A quantity within the sequence Bioarchaeological Interpretations of the Human earlier: neighborhood, nearby, and worldwide views, edited via Clark Spencer Larsen

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Extra resources for Bioarchaeology and Climate Change: A View from South Asian Prehistory (Bioarchaeological Interpretations of the Human Past: Local, Regional, and Global)

Example text

In chapter 3, I will present archaeological evidence on the biocultural adaptations of Early Jorwe people. Their strategies for dealing with the semi-arid climate of peninsular India included a diverse economy and heavy reliance on drought-resistant crops, such as barley. The Early Jorwe phase was characterized by relatively rapid expansion of population sizes and increased diversity in the types of communities in the Deccan region. During the Late Jorwe phase, the archaeological record at Inamgaon demonstrates significant changes to the subsistence activities at Inamgaon.

Enamel defects can also be examined in the deciduous dentition (baby or milk teeth). IPCH is a defect that occurs on the interproximal surfaces of the anterior primary teeth. The etiology of this defect is unclear, but Skinner (1996) suggested its cause was related to contact between neighboring teeth during development and Lukacs (1999) found support for this hypothesis in the form of matching lesions on adjacent teeth. A review of the clinical and anthropological literature suggested that these defects are not uncommon (Lukacs 1999).

Chapter 3 describes archaeological evidence for Chalcolithic subsistence and responses to ecological challenges—shifting species preferences, and shifting effort from farming to stock raising, hunting, fishing, and gathering. In chapter 4, I provide details on age estimation methods and outline a new method of estimating demographic parameters for subadult samples. In this chapter, I also provide a comparative demographic analysis for Daimabad, Nevasa, and Inamgoan. In chapter 5, I provide an analysis of childhood growth profiles—growth in height and body mass.

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