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Additional info for The Philosophy of Existentialism: Selected Essays
Yet this negation isn't really explicative. My attention isn't really constrained to envisioning a négatité. It constitutes itself in its personal flesh because the nihilation of available which one other human fact tasks as its threat. for this reason it needs to come up on the earth as a now not; it's as a no longer that the slave first apprehends the grasp, or that the prisoner who's attempting to break out sees the protect who's staring at him. There are even males (e. g. , caretakers, overseers, gaolers,) whose social truth is uniquely that of the no longer, who will reside and die, having endlessly been just a now not upon the earth. Others to be able to make the now not part of their very subjectivity, identify their human character as a perpetual negation. this can be the which means and serve as of what Scheler calls “the guy of resentment”—in truth, the no longer. yet there exist extra refined behaviors, the outline of with a purpose to lead us extra into the inwardness of cognizance. Irony is this type of. In irony a guy annihilates what he posits inside of one and an identical act; he leads us to think so as to not be believed; he affirms to disclaim and denies to verify; he creates a favorable item however it has no being except its nothingness. therefore attitudes of negation towards the self enable us to elevate a brand new query: What are we to claim is the being of guy who has the potential for denying himself? however it is out of the query to debate the perspective of “self-negation” in its universality. the categories of habit which might be ranked lower than this heading are too diversified; we threat protecting merely the summary kind of them. it's best to decide on and to check one made up our minds perspective that is necessary to human truth and that is such that realization rather than directing its negation outward turns it towards itself. this perspective, it kind of feels to me, is undesirable religion (mauvaise foi). usually this can be pointed out with falsehood. we are saying indifferently of somebody that he indicates symptoms of undesirable religion or that he lies to himself. we will willingly supply that undesirable religion is a mislead oneself, given that we distinguish the mislead oneself from mendacity in most cases. mendacity is a detrimental angle, we are going to conform to that. yet this negation doesn't undergo on recognition itself; it goals merely on the transcendent. The essence of the lie implies in truth that the liar truly is in entire ownership of the reality which he's hiding. a guy doesn't lie approximately what he's blind to; he doesn't lie whilst he spreads an blunders of which he himself is the dupe; he doesn't lie whilst he's fallacious. the correct description of the liar will be a cynical recognition, asserting fact inside himself, denying it in his phrases, and denying that negation as such. Now this doubly detrimental angle rests at the transcendent; the actual fact expressed is transcendent because it doesn't exist, and the unique negation rests on a fact; that's, on a selected kind of transcendence. As for the interior negation which I impact correlatively with the confirmation for myself of the reality, this rests on phrases; that's, on an occasion on the planet.